Since all you want to be is “right”, you have a point on paper, not in reality where UL444 defines the maximum DCR, not the wire size as the final arbitrator of what the “spec” is. You’ll NEVER find a wire per AWG tables in processed wire.
Get UL444 and educate yourself to what is REALLY right. I’ve done wire design for like 36 YEARS and know what UL requires. The SAFETY is defined by the circuit DCR. Wire is NEVER labeled per the decimal size as it is NEVER right! It is labeled with the AWG “reference” as long as it PASSES UL DCR requirements.
You seem to think the world is absolutes of the AWG paper table. It isn’t. This is why ICONOCLAST is MEASURED for DCR resistance as this is where the rubber hits the road, not the “table” size, not the linear DCR, but the ACTUAL DCR from stranding losses and processing. NOW we can say what the cable really is in use, not the individual strand size.
Stop being theoretical to manufacturing. My living is making things that work, a wire table DOES NOT WORK making things so it is irrelavant. DCR tables and UL444 STD VARIATION tables are useful. They are a RANGE of size to be called a specific AWG within that range, and a maximum DCR is the final judge at the very END of the process. Two different pair lays will yield two different laser mic measurements even when “exactly” the same at the start of the process.
Look a 568 Ethernet specs…same. They spec a MAX DCR in FINISHED cable, not the “size” of the wire. This is called a PERFORMANCE specification, not a DESIGN specification. There are many types and designs of Ethernet, but they all have to meet the PERFORMANCE. And, not a one will measure to the AWG table for a 24 AWG or 23 AWG. None. Many have two and more “hybrid” AWG sizes across the UL444 range.
So that’s the way it is making a product and not a chart. We’ll look you up for charts. I don’t memorize or use useless charts, I use UL444 and 568 DCR tables.
I’m not so much answering you, I did a ways back, but how poducts are really made.