Sorry for the question if obvious. How can I check polarity of the schuko outlets of my P12 EU version? Which is the phase exactly? As usual @jamesh can you help me?
I would be sure that the phase is the same in each outlet, I assume it’s on the right hole facing the outlet (looking at the rear panel) where I see the ‘+’ symbol on it
While for the IEC inlet of the P12 (and in general PSA gear as BHK Preamp / DS DAC / PST / stellar M1200s / Stellar Phono) is always the phase the pin on the left side as shown (NO.1) in the picture here attached? Here again where I see the “+” symbol…
I’m curious: all the other PS Audio components above mentioned (BHK Preamp, DS DAC, PST, Stellar M1200, Stellar Phono and so on) I assume that they follow the same rule, referring to the IEC inlet phase pin position, is it correct? I’m asking because I do not see any symbol on their back panels. Is there a factory standard design?
Last question: I’m looking for a phase checking device able to determine the polarity of cables, I tried a few contactless pens (cheap models from amazon) with led display but they gave me bad results, not really precise.
When the cable is plugged to wall socket (or to P12 outlets) I would test the correct phase position on the IEC plug connector on the other side: what device do you use?
For example I find on the web this device, unfortunately it is out of production since a few years:
I read an interesting paper from Garth Powell (AudioQuest) titled “Power Demystified” (I’m sure Al would appreciate) in wich at page no.29 the author suggests to always check by ears cables polarity
I find quite odd from a cable manufacturer this assumption. Not only because I’m a lazy man. Why do not put a lable/symbol to indicate the polarity on their cables connectors, both on the schuko and IEC plugs? Does it mean that it would be cable dependent and each cable of the same model/brand (Dragon HC or Source for example) may vary the phase wire position?
You US guys are fortunate not challenging with this issue but EU folks must fight against this lack of standards and it seems that AC polarity in hifi systems is not considered a subtle matter in audiophile community.
In my experience, wattgate does identify the phase with a star on the side of the plug (at least on their higher end line). So does Furutech. But I always check with a multimeter. It is easy to find phase. Just measure each inlet against ground (right and left ones against the middle one). Neutral should be 0v or very close. Phase should be whatever voltage your power company delivers to you home.
You can’t use a Schuko one because it allows reversing. You’ll need to use something like BS 1363 per the above, NEMA, or AU/NZ where it only allows a single direction for the plug to be plugged in.
So with that, I would test the polarity of the cable plugged into the wall:
Wall → Schuko → cable → IEC C13 … then into adapter IEC C14 to BS 1363 → polarity tester
This should ensure correct polarity between wall and PS12 or power distributor. Then plug the cable from wall into PS12 or other power distributor. Then test again the cables from the PS12 or other power distributor using the same method to ensure correct polarity between PS12 or power distributor to component.
Let me know if that doesn’t make sense and I’ll take some pics and post.
EDIT: I should also mention that power distributors and conditioners designed for EU/Schuko usually design around plugins being able to be swapped around (or plugged in reversed (?!?) if reverse is even the correct word). E.g. Shunyata power distributors have two filters attached, one to active, and one to neutral for EU/Schuko devices whereas for non-EU/Schuko, they only have one filter attached to active.
Thank you so much. James already confirmed me that as shown on the picture I previously posted, on the back panel of the P12 (EU version) a few symbols indicate the correct polarity both for schuko outlets and IEC inlet. So feeding the rest of the components according to this polarity symbols all the system is inherently correctly plugged.
Totally agree. I found two old AQ Dragon HC cords with reverse side polarity compared to the rest of same cords (more recently purchased in effect). I sent an email to AQ asking if they have a standard factory rule for polarity design, they forwarded the email to a department manager in The Netherland and I’m still waiting his answer.
Yes all Schuko cable, Dragon HC and Source and Tornado HC for subs. The 2 old Dragons need to be plugged inverted right/left into the wall socket to have the phase on the IEC connector at the correct point (right side if earth up - on 3.00 clock hour position). Look at no.1 here.
All the other (recently purchased) Dragons/Tornados have the phase in the same IEC connector place no.1 only if they are plugged into wall socket differently, left/right as shown here below: